Assalamualaikum everyone and good morning guys, hari ini kita akan membahas materi bahasa inggris yaitu tentang Cerita Rakyat Danau Toba dan Nyai Bagendit. Sekaligus kita juga akan membahas latihan soalnya beserta kunci jawabannya. Sumber artikel ini berasal dari quipper.com. Semoga bermanfaat terimakasih
Soal Bahasa Inggris Tentang Cerita Rakyat1. Identify the description of moral value in a folklore. Moral value is ...
A. the value of a folklore among the other stories
B. the morality of the characters in the story
C. the behaviour of the main character
D. the positive message that the texts tries to say to the reader ✓
E. the price of a folklore after publication
Penjelasan: Moral value aims at giving good impact to the reader’s behavior. Moral value is wisdom or advice which people can learn from the story. Advice and wisdom has similar meaning with positive message. The word ‘value’ does not refer to price. Moral value covers the whole aspect of the story, not just for certain character.
Read the story below to answer question number 2 and 3
Once upon a time, there was a fisherman who lived in the Land of Batak. the fisherman was called Batara Guru Sahala. One day, when he was fishing he caught a fish. However, to his surprise, the fish could talk. Then, Batara Guru Sahala released the fish. The fish suddenly turned into a beautiful woman. Batara Guru Sahara Fell in love with her and asked her to marry Batara Guru Sahala. The woman agreed to marry Batara Guru Sahala and told him to keep the secret about the woman’s origin.
They lived happily and finally had two daughters. Every morning, his daughters always brought Batara Guru lunch whenever he was fishing. One day Batara Guru was very angry because his daughters eat the lunch before he got it. they ate the lunch because of their hunger. Batara Guru yelled at them and said that they were like daughters of a fish. his daughters was hurt by their father words and told their mother about them. Their mother accused Batara Guru breaking his promise by saying so. She could not forgive Batara Guru. She was very angry that the earth cracked and the mountain exploded. Eventually, Lake Toba was formed because of the explosion.
2. Read the example of folklore ‘The legend of Lake Toba’, state the reason of Batara Guru’s Anger . Batara Guru was angry because ...
A. he met a beautiful girl
B. he yelled at his daughters
C. Batara Guru broke his promise
D. his daughters finished all of his food ✓
E. the earth cracked
Penjelasan: Pay attention to the cause and effect. the question asks about the reason, not the effect of Batara Guru’s anger. Yelling at his daughter was not the reason. It was the reaction of Batar Guru. Batara Guru’s breaking his promise did not make Batara Guru angry, but made his wife angry. Batara Guru was angry because his daughters ate all the lunch.
3. According to the legend of Lake Toba, the lake was created because ....
A. Batara Guru married to a fish.
B. Batara Guru was angry to his daughter and the mountain exploded.
C. The earth cracked because Batara guru was angry to his daughters.
D. The earth cracked and the mountain exploded because Batara Guru’s wife was very angry. ✓
D. Batara Guru broke his promise.
Penjelasan: Pay attention to the event which happened before the creation of Lake Toba. Decide the direct cause of the creation. Pay attention to the last part of the story. Lake Toba was created because of the earth cracked and the mountain exploded. This event is the direct cause of the creation of Lake Toba. It also means that Lake Toba was created right after the earth cracked and the mountain exploded.
4. Analyze the jumbled sequences of The Legend of Lake Toba Below, and arrange it to the correct order.
1. Lake Toba was created because the earth cracked and the mountain exploded because of Batara Guru’s wife’s anger.
2. Batara guru married to the woman who was originally a fish and had two daughters.
3. Batara Guru was angry to his daughter because they ate all of his lunch.
4. Batara Guru met a beautiful woman and fell in love with her.
5. Batara Guru broke his promise by telling that his daughters were daughters of a fish .
Select your answer.
A. 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5
B. 1 - 2 - 4- 3 - 5
C. 4 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 1 ✓
D. 4 - 3 - 2 - 5 - 1
E. 1 - 2 - 3 - 5 - 4
Penjelasan: Pay attention to the beginning and the ending of the story. Pay attention also to the order or sequence of Batara Guru’s being angry to his daughter and his marriage. The story began with Batara Guru’s meeting with beautiful woman and ended with the creation of Lake Toba. Thus the option that begins with 1 and ends with 5 are incorrect. Batara Guru was angry at his daughter after he had married with the woman.
5. Identify the description of a folklore and explain the characteristics of a folklore. A folklore ...
A. was passed down mostly in form of books
B. talks about general or international story
C. usually has moral value that is good for the readers ✓
D. is not a history of places
E. can always predict the future
Penjelasan: Focus on what the story of Malin Kundang and Lake Toba try to say to the readers. Focus on what is the wisdom of the story. A folklore usually has moral value. For example, the story of Malin Kundang advise the readers to respect their parents and the legend of Lake Toba sends us a message that we should not break our promise. A folklore was passed down mostly verbally or orally. A folklore is about a history of a place in one particular region.
6. Explain why can the story of Malin Kundang be categorized as a folklore. The story of Malin Kundang ....
A. happened in the past
B. is not an international story ✓
C. is really popular in western countries
D. does not have happy ending
E. is about curses and punishments for someone who did bad things
Penjelasan: List all the features of a folklore and analyse the option one by one. Pay attention to negative statement or a steatement that contains ‘not’ in the option. The story of Malin Kundang comes originally from West Sumatera. Although now the story may be popular throughout Indonesia, it is still originated from certain area or region. A folklore can have a happy ending.
Listen to the story in the following audio to answer questions number seven to ten
7. Verify that the story of Lake Bagendit can be categorized as a folklore. The story is a folklore because ....
A. it is about the life of common people.
B. It was first spread verbally inside the community of certain area. ✓
C. It contains moral value.
D. It is a fictive story and has unhappy ending.
E. It happened in the past.
Penjelasan: The characteristics has to be unique and only be owned by a folklore. It means that if a characteristics is applicable in the other narrative story, we can not verify that the sory is a folklore. The unique characteristics of a folklore is that it was exclussively passed down mostly verbally in certain area or region. Having moral value is not a unique characteristics because the other types of story also have moral value. The fact that it happened in the past can not show that the story is a folklore because all narrative story happened in the past. The characteristics of being a fictive story, having unhappy ending and being about the life of common people are not only own by a folklore.
8. Judge the behaviour of the old beggar. The beggar asked The God to punish Nyai Bagendit. The beggar ....
A. Was very cruel to Nyai Bagendit.
B. Should have not asked for money to Nyai Bagendit.
C. Was right that he/she prayed for the Nyai Bagendit’s punishment.
D. Could have forgiven Nyai Bagendit, although Nyai Bagendit have hurted his/her heart. ✓
E. Was very nice to Nyai Bagendit.
Penjelasan: Be wise in judging people’s behaviour or act. We can not condemn, nor justify when people do bad things to us or to other people. Punishment is not always a solution. Sometimes it is good for us to forgive people who have done or have said bad things to us. However, we can not say that the beggar was cruel by praying for Nyai Bagendit’s punishment. The beggar was just dissapointed by Nyai Bagendit’s treatment.
9. The following plot is NOT in good order. Reconstruct the scenes according to the story.
1. The God punished Nyai Bagendit because of her arrogance and ignorance.
2. One day an old beggar asked money to Nyai Bagendit.
3. Nyai Bagendit told the beggar to go away.
4. The beggar told Nyai Bagendit that The God would punished her.
Select your answer.
A. 1 – 2 – 3 – 4
B. 4 – 3 – 2 – 1
C. 2 – 4 – 3 – 1
D. 4 – 3 – 1 – 2
E. 2 – 3 – 4 – 1 ✓
Penjelasan: The beginning of a story usually begins with the first appearance of a characters. In practise, sometime the writer uses ‘a’ or ‘an’ as an article of a noun that is firstly introduced in the story. The story began when the old beggar came to Nyai Bagendit’s house to ask for money and ended when Nyai Bagendit’s house was destroyed by the earthquake. Options that begin with 4 is incorrect because it is unclear why the beggar suddenly said that Nyai Bagendit will be punished by The God.
10. The plot in this story begins to cause conflict when?
1. God punished Nyai Bagendit for her arrogance and ignorance.
2. One day an old beggar asked Nyai Bagendit for money.
3. Nyai Bagendit told the beggar to leave.
4. The beggar told Nyai Bagendit that God would punish him.
Choose your answer.
D. 3 ✓
E. No answer
Penjelasan: The conflict started when Nyai Bagendit sent the beggar away so that the old beggar got angry and prayed to God to curse him
NOTE: Nomer 10 dan nomer 9 memiliki soal dan jawaban yang sama pada quipper. Sehingga saya mengubahnya menjadi soal yang lain. Apabila anda sedang mengerjakan quipper maka ikuti saja jawaban nomer 9 untuk menjawab soal nomer 10. Tidak perlu mengikuti jawaban di soal ini.
Materi Understanding Narrative Texts: FolkloreWhen you were child your parents might usually tell you bed time stories. The stories are sometimes funny, sad, or even scary. Among the stories that most of parents usually tell, there is a story about a man named Malin Kundang. Have your parents ever told you about the story of Malin Kundang? Do you know what the story of Malin Kundang is about? Do you still remember the punishment the god gave to Malin Kundang? Do you know where the story comes from?
The story of Malin Kundang is about a son who was cursed into a rock because he was impertinent. He was punished because he denied his own poor mother. The story of Malin Kundang is called folklore. It originally comes from West Sumatera in Indonesia.
A. FOLKLORESfolklore is an imaginary or fictive story (lore) that was passed down from generation to generation. It is usually told by parents or elders to their children before they go to sleep. A folklore was passed down orally or through verbal communication. A folklore is mostly a myth, tales, belief about the creation of certain places (e.g. mountain, lake, sea, and river). A folklore is not a scientific story. It usually involves magic or power from the God. Although some events in a folklore do not make sense, folklores are very popular.
People loves folklores because they sometimes have moral values. Moral value is a wisdom or an advice which people can learn from a story. For example, in the story of Mount Tangkuban Perahu, people can learn that it is not good if children deny of hurt their parents’ feeling. In summary, the story tells us to respect our parents. The other examples of folklores are The Legend of Lake Toba and The Legend of Lake Bagendit.
The Legend of Lake Toba Once upon a time, there was a fisherman who lived in the Land of Batak. the fisherman was called Batara Guru Sahala. One day, when he was fishing he caught a fish. However, to his surprise, the fish could talk. Then, Batara Guru Sahala released the fish. The fish suddenly turned into a beautiful woman. Batara Guru Sahara Fell in love with her and asked her to marry Batara Guru Sahala. The woman agreed to marry Batara Guru Sahala and told him to keep the secret about the woman’s origin. They lived happily and finally had two daughters. Every morning, his daughters always brought Batara Guru lunch whenever he was fishing. One day Batara Guru was very angry because his daughters eat the lunch before he got it. they ate the lunch because of their hunger. Batara Guru yelled at them and said that they were like daughters of a fish. his daughters was hurt by their father words and told their mother about them. Their mother accused Batara Guru breaking his promise by saying so. She could not forgive Batara Guru. She was very angry that the earth cracked and the mountain exploded. Eventually, Lake Toba was formed because of the explosion. Lake toba comes from North Sumatera. Although the story does not make sense, but It is a good folklore that has been told by parents to their children to teach them not to break promise.
The Legend of Situ Bagendit Listen to the following story about Lake Bagendit and discuss with your friend about what the story is about.