Materi, Soal & Jawbaban Bahasa Inggris Bab Descriptive Text Kelas 10

hello good morning everyone, hari ini kita akan membahas materi bahasa inggris yaitu tentang Descriptive Text dan juga latihan soal beserta jawabannya. Sumber artikel ini berasal dari quipper.com. Have a good study & Hope it is useful

Soal Bab Descriptive Text

Listen to the text about Garuda Wisnu Kencana, then answer the question numbers 1-3



1. Based on the text you have heard on the recording, the following are descriptions about Garuda Wisnu Kencana, EXCEPT.....

A. You can see a huge Hindu sculptures such as the statue of Vishnue in Garuda Wisnu Kencana.
B. In garuda Wisnu Kencana, you can see the mythical bird Garuda as the Lord Vishnu’s mount. 
C. Bali is not only famous for its beaches but also for its cultural park called Garuda Wisnu Kencana. ✓
D. You can see many tourist attractions in Garuda Wisnu Kencana.
E. You can watch many cultural dance performance such as Keca dance and Joged Bumbung.

Penjelasan: “Bali is not only famous for its beaches but also for its cultural park called Garuda Wisnu Kencana.” Based on the text, this sentence is an introduction/identification of a descriptive text. This sentence introduce place that will be described on the text, that is Garuda Wisnu Kencana.

2. According to the recording, Garuda Wisnu Kencana is located in ....

A. Balangan
B. South Kuta ✓
C. Sanur
D. Denpasar
E. North Kuta

Penjelasan: Here is what the recording says "Bali is not only famous for its beaches but also for its cultural park called Garuda Wisnu Kencana. It is located in Uluwatu, South Kuta, Bali."

3. From the text, we can watch dance performance such ... and ....

A. Pendet and Lenggong
B. Joged Bumbung and Lenggong
C. Pendet and Kecak
D. Kecak and Joged Bumbung ✓
E. Barong and Joged Bumbung

Penjelasan: Here is what the recording says: "In here, you can also watch dance performances such as Kecak dance and Joged Bumbung dance."

4. Read the following text carefully.

National Monument of Indonesia

The national Monument is a tower in the centre of Merdeka Square. It is a 132 metres tower. It is located in Central Jakarta. The color of the tower is white. On the top of the tower, we can see a flame covered with golden foil. Inside the national Monument, visitors can visit a huge museum. There, we can see many wonderful dioramas.

Based on the text above, the following is adjective words, EXCEPT....

A. huge
B. wonderful
C. golden
D. white
E. foil ✓

Penjelasan: There are several adjectives that we can find from the text. Golden, huge, wonderful, and white are adjectives; whereas foil is a noun

5. Look at the following incomplete sentence taken from a descriptive text:
Sanur beach in Bali ........ you the perfect location for watching a very beautiful and dramatic sunrise.

The best verb to complete the blank is.....

A. is giving
B. was given
C. given
D. gave
E. gives ✓

Penjelasan: Sunrise is an everyday activity. Besides, as mentioned above, the sentence is taken from a descriptive text, therefore the verb should be in present tense.

Read the text below to answer question numbers 6-8
Balangan Beach is a marvelous white sandy beach in Bali. It is exactly located in the white stone hill area of Pecatu, the southern part of Bali in Uluwatu peninsula. Visitors can reach this beach by using any vehicles. This beach is only 40 minutes from I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport or around 10 minutes from Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park. To enter this beach, the visitors do not have to pay any money. If you want to eat something, then you might have to bring some money. Therefore, this is a very recommended beach to be added in your bucket list.

6. The correct statement based from the text is ....

A. The beach is placed in northern part of Bali in Uluwatu Peninsula.
B. The beach can't be reached by any vehicles.
C. The beach is free of charge for visitor. ✓
D. It takes 40 minus from Garuda Wisnu Kencana.
E. The beach has gray sand

Penjelasan: We read: To enter this beach, the visitors do not have to pay any money. It means that the beach is free of charge for visitor.

7. From the passage, it can be concluded that....

A. The airport to Balangan beach is nearer than Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach.
B. The airport to Balangan beach is as far as Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach.
C. The airport to Balangan beach is as near as Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach.
D. Garuda Kencana Cultural Park is far from Balangan Beach.
E. The airport to Balangan beach is farther than Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach. ✓

Penjelasan: From the passage it can be seen that it takes 40 minutes from the airport to Balangan, while it takes only ten minutes from Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach. It means, option “The airport to Balangan beach is farther than Garuda Wisnu Kencana to Balangan beach” is correct.

8. The world marvelous in the sentence Balangan Beach is a marvelous white sandy beach in Bali has the similar meaning.

A. worst
B. foul
C. dangerous
D. wondrous ✓
E. malicious

Penjelasan: Marvelous means extremely good. Wondrous also means extremely good.

9. Pay attention to the following text about Malela Waterfall.

Malela Waterfall

Malela Waterfall is one of beautiful destination in Bandung. Malela waterfall is located near Cidadas Village. It is known that the vertical height of Malela waterfall is 60 metres. In addition, ....
The best choice to complete the passage is ....

A. Due to its height, we are not allowed to pass the Malela river.
B. We can not spend the night there.
C. It is 70 metres in width. ✓
D. It can be reached only by motorcycle.
E. This is not the highest waterfall in the world.

Penjelasan: In additions means an additional information. Since the last sentence (before the conjunction) tells you about the vertical height of Malela waterfall, therefore, the most appropriate sentence to fill the gap is the information about its width.

10. Pay attention to the following text about Malela Waterfall.

Malela Waterfall

Malela Waterfall is one of beautiful destination in Bandung. Malela waterfall is located near Cidadas Village. It is known that the vertical height of Malela waterfall is 60 metres.
The road to Malela waterfall is extremely damaged. Besides, to reach Malela, you will go through a very narrow and damaged road. If you drive car, you need do park your car in a village before entering the Malela area. But, the distance from the village to the entry gate of Malela waterfall is quite far. The Malela waterfall is located in an extremely remote area. Therefore, renting an ojeg (motorcycle) is the best way. Then, you can stop near the entry gate of Malela waterfall and start to go hiking.

From the passage above, pay attention to the word “remote”. The following sentences using “remote” have the same form as the “remote” in the sentence above, EXCEPT…

A. Have you seen the remote for the home-theater anywhere? ✓
B. The chances of a visit by Reddington to the Earth are remote.
C. His manner was cool and remote.
D. My grandmother’s house is located in a remote mountain village.
E. Tidung island is a remote land in Seribu archipelago.

Penjelasan: The form of the “remote” in the sentence “The Malela waterfall is located in an extremely remote area” is an adjective.
The form of the “remote” in the sentence “Have you seen the remote for the hometheater anywhere?” is a noun.

Materi Bahasa Inggrus Bab Understanding Descriptive Text: Holiday Destination

Objectives: Students are able to understand meaning from a simple descriptive texts

Sightseeing at Single Fin Beach

Bali is one of the most beautiful islands in Indonesia. This island has many popular tourist destinations. There are Kuta Beach, Tanah Lot, Bedugul, and Sanur. A lot of people know those places but there is a beautiful tourist destination called Single Fin Beach. This place is not too popular than those places mentioned above but you can see many amazing views there. Single Fin Beach is located in Uluwatu. Soon you arrive at this beach, the Single Fin Beach can be accessed by an inclination that will takes you to that amazing place.

During your way to the beach, you need to be careful because the path to the beach is very steep and slippery. When you arrive, you will see many huge and beautiful cliffs. Those cliffs can become an amazing backdrop for your photos. The beautiful cliffs are completed by white sand owned by this beach. You can spend the day lazing around in the beach. You can also play stand up paddle board or a kayak.

When you visit Single Fin Beach, you can enjoy its amazing sunset. From the beach, you can see a spectacular sunset. Make sure you have arrived here at least at 5 P.M Bali time. You will not regret to see a very big and round sun which starts to go down below the horizon. Do not forget to bring a sunglasses to watch the sunset. Using sunglasses to watch the sunset will give you a more spectacular experience.
After playing the whole day in this beach and seeing the sunset, you can relax while eating at cafe. You can find many cafeterias there.

The above text, entitled Sightseeing at Single Fin Beach, is a descriptive text. In the text, you can see the writer tried to describe you descriptions of Single Fin Beach. The text is preceded by the introduction of Single Fin Beach, that it is a not too popular beach in Bali but it has amazing scenery. After that the writer gave you many descriptions about Single Fin Bali. 
The following are the examples of descriptions found in the text:
  • Single Fin Beach is located in Uluwatu.
  • During your way to the beach, you need to be careful because the path to the beach is very steep and slippery.
  • When you arrive, you will see many huge and beautiful cliffs.
  • Those cliffs can become an amazing backdrop for your photos.
  • The beautiful cliffs are completed by the white sand owned by this beach. Etc.
After reading the descriptive text above, so what does a descriptive text mean? Now we are going to learn about a descriptive text.

A descriptive text is a text that states what a person or a thing is like. The purpose of a descriptive text is to describe and to reveal a particular person, thing, or place. When you want to make a descriptive text, you have to pay attention to below aspects.
  1. Generic structure of a descriptive text
  2. Language features of a descriptive text
Below are the explanation of generic structure of a descriptive text:

Identification

This part identifies the person, place, or things that will be described in the text.

Example:
Bali is one of the most beautiful islands in Indonesia. This island has many popular tourist destinations.

Description

This part describes the characteristics of the person, place, or thing.

Example:
  • Single Fin Beach is located in Uluwatu.
  • When you arrive, you will see many huge and beautiful cliffs.
  • The beautiful cliffs are completed by the white sand owned by this beach.
Below are the explanation of language features of a descriptive text:

Using adjectives

Example:
  • Beautiful cliffs.
  • Amazing sunset.
  • Popular tourist destination.
  • Amazing backdrop.
  • Spectacular experience.

Using simple present tense

Subject + Present Verb

Example:
The beautiful cliffs are completed by white sand owned by this beach.
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