Materi, Soal & Jawaban Bab Descriptive Text Historical Places

hello good morning everyone, hari ini kita akan membahas materi bahasa inggris yaitu tentang Descriptive Text Historical Places dan juga latihan soal beserta jawabannya. Sumber artikel ini berasal dari quipper.com. Have a good study & Hope it is useful

Soal Descriptive Text Historical Places

1. Identify the social function of descriptive text in describing a historical place.

A. To describe a historical place to the readers ✓
B. To inform the readers about the story
C. To retells the story of a historical place to the readers
D. To reveal the story of a historical place to the readers
E. To describe about phenomenon to the readers

Penjelasan: Descriptive text is a text which aims to inform the readers by describing a particular place, thing or person more details. Thus, based on the option, the social function that is similar with the explanation is to describe a historical place to the readers.

2. Find the correct sentence which mention the location of a historical place.

A. The palace is surrounded by wonderful walls.
B. The palace is located in Greater London. ✓
C. The palace is no longer permanent government office.
D. The palace has 99 rooms which were covered by golden walls.
E. The palace stands majestically under Syailendra dynasty.

Penjelasan: “The palace is located in Greater London” is the correct answer because it mentions London as a name of city in Europe that refers to the location. Besides, there is the word “located” to tell a place.

3. Complete the sentence below by using the proper adjective.
Visitors are …. by the beauty and luxury of the palace decoration.

A. royal
B. confused
C. stunning
D. awkward
E. amazed ✓

Penjelasan: Amazed is the proper adjective to complete the sentence because it refers to someone’s feeling of awing something. Based on the sentence, the writer describes how beautiful and luxurious is the palace decoration.

4. Listen the audio to identify the year when Monas was opened for public.



A. 1961
B. 1991
C. 1951
D. 1965
E. 1975 ✓

Penjelasan: This kind of information included into identification and based on the audio the speaker tells that Monas was built in 1961 and opened to the public in 1975. Thus, the answer is 1975.

5. Listen the audio again to analyze which place the public visitors can enter it.



A. Flame independence
B. Hall of independence 
C. Proclamation of independence
D. Observation deck ✓
E. Obelisk monument

Penjelasan: Based on the audio, the speaker says there are the hall of Independence, observation deck and flame of Independence. Public visitors are only allowed to enter the observation deck by paying the ticket. Thus, the answer is observation deck.

6. Identify the sentence below which included description.

A. The museum is located near the government offices building.
B. The palace was built by King Rama I in 1782.
C. There are so many chances to know the story.
D. It was begun around 10th century.
E. The castle has 145 rooms, 1,000 acres of gardens and a lake. ✓

Penjelasan: Description is a part which gives information more specific such as the parts of place and its characteristics. Based the options above, “the castle has 145 rooms, 1,000 acres of gardens and a lake” included into description because it describes the parts of a place by telling that while the others describe about identification of a place.

7. Choose the proper word to replace the underlined word in the sentence below.
Gedung Merdeka becomes more renowned after Asian African Conference (KAA) in 2015.

A. popular ✓
B. reformed
C. renovated
D. regenerated
E. glory

Penjelasan: “Gedung Merdeka becomes more renowned after Asian African Conference (KAA) in 2015”. The underlined word has similar meaning with well-known, popular, and famous. Thus, the correct word to replace “renowned” is popular.

8. Read the text below to determine what part of the short paragraph below
Borobudur temple has many Buddhist sculptures. A large ‘stupa’ will be found in the center of the top circle for each edifice.

A. Description that shows the characteristics of Borobudur temple.
B. Identification that describes the quality of Borobudur temple.
C. Identification that identifies phenomenon in Borobudur temple.
D. Description that describes the parts or things of Borobudur temple. ✓
E. Identification that measures the quantity of Borobudur temple.

Penjelasan: The “sculptures and edifices” words refer to things that Borobudur temple has. The short paragraph above usually is written in the second paragraph or after identifying the general information. “Borobudur temple has many Buddhist sculptures. A large ‘stupa’ will be found in the center of the top circle for each edifice” is a short paragraph that is put after identification. Thus,“Description that describes the parts or things of Borobudur temple” is the correct answer because it mentions the parts of Borobudur temple such as sculptures and edifices.

9. Read the text below to analyze the main idea of the text.
Buckingham Palace which is located in the City of Westminster is known as the London residence. It was subsequently acquired by King George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte. It is called as "The Queen's House".

A. Buckingham Palace was built by Queen Charlotte in 1761.
B. Buckingham Palace was previously built for Queen Charlotte’s residence. ✓
C. Buckingham Palace was a residence for Westminster officers.
D. Buckingham Palace was well-known in 1761 before the King George III government.
E. Buckingham Palace was King George’s residence in 1761.

Penjelasan: The main idea of the text is “Buckingham Palace was previously built for Queen Charlotte’s residence” because in the second paragraph the writer tells that King George III built the palace as a private residence for Queen Charlotte.

10. Construct the following sentences into a good paragraph.
  1. The Colosseum stands in Rome, Italy.
  2. The Colosseum is very big and can accommodate spectators around 50,000 people.
  3. It was stunningly built in Flavian dynasty in 72 AD.
  4. To protect spectators from the rain and heat of the sun by sails called the “Velarium”.
  5. Its construction is very beautiful and awesome.
  6. It is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world.
  7. It has also no less than 80 entrances.
Select your answer

A. 1 – 6 – 5 – 3 – 7 – 2 – 4
B. 1 – 6 – 2 – 5 – 7 – 4 – 3
C. 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 – 2 – 7 – 6
D. 1 – 6 – 3 – 5 – 2 – 7 – 4 ✓
E. 1 – 2 – 3 – 5 – 2 – 6 – 7

Penjelasan: Remember the generic structures of descriptive text which is begun by telling general information in the first paragraph that is called identification. Based on its generic structures, the correct order to make a good paragraph is: The Colosseum stands in Rome, Italy. It is the largest and most famous amphitheater in the Roman world. It was stunningly built in Flavian dynasty in 72 AD. Its construction is very beautiful and awesome. The Colosseum is very big and can accommodate spectators around 50,000 people. It has also no less than 80 entrances. To protect spectators from the rain and heat of the sun by sails called the “Velarium”

Materi Bahasa Inggris Bab Understanding Descriptive Text: Historical Places


Objectives

Learning Competence: Capturing meaning in descriptive text in spoken and written

subject matter

In this lesson you will learn about understanding descriptive text in describing historical places.


Look at the picture above. Have you ever visited that place? What’s its name? Why do people like visit this temple? Most Indonesian people know this place because it is one of historical places in Indonesia.
In the previous lesson, you have learned about describing people and thing. Now, in this lesson, you will focus on how to understand descriptive text in describing historical places.

There are a lot of historical places that have stunningly beautiful buildings. Many visitors around the world are interested in visiting historical places to see the buildings and know its history. When you want to visit one of the historical buildings, you may look for some information by reading some articles.

But, how to understand a descriptive text in capturing its meaning? Let’s take a look to the definition, social function, and generic structures of descriptive text below to remind you from the previous lesson.

Definition of descriptive Text

Descriptive text is a text which describes a particular thing, person, or place.

Social Function of Descriptive Text

Descriptive text aims to inform the readers about a particular thing, person, or place.

Generic Structures of Descriptive Text

There are two generic structures of descriptive text as follows:

Identification

Identification is a part which identifies the phenomenon. In this part, you can tell about the general information such as the location of the place, where did you find the place and the reason why it can be a historical place by telling the history briefly. You can add your opinion or view about the place by using adjective to get the readers’ attention.

Description

Description commonly tells about the characteristic of the place. It contains things that the writer wants to tell about the place specifically.

Language Features of Descriptive Text

There are several language features that should be noticed as follows:
  • Use adjectives to describe how important or interesting the place is.
  • Use linking verbs to make the text easy to understand
  • Use of Simple Present Tense to tells the facts about the places.
Now, read an example of descriptive text below.

Prambanan Temple

Prambanan temple is a wonderful Hindhu temple built in the 10th century under Rakai Pikatan and Rakai Balitung, king of the second Mataram dynasty. It is located in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia.

Prambanan temple has three zones; The outer zone, The middle zone, and The inner zone. But, most people only know that Prambanan temple has three main temples which relate to God namely Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva temples. Shiva temple as the highest temple is located in the middle. Different with others temples, it has three main rooms and in the main room stands the states of Durga (Shiva’s wife), Agastya (Shiva’s teacher), and Ganesha (Shiva’s Son). Related to a Javanese legend, Durga statue is identified as the statue of Roro Jonggrang. Visitors can discover many things in Prambanan, but they should be careful while entering a temple which was damaged because of earthquake.

Each paragraph of the text above represents the generic structures of descriptive text. Here is the explanation:
  • In the first paragraph, the writer describes Prambanan temple by giving general information such as its location and its history. It is called as identification.
  • In the second paragraph, the writer describes characteristics of Prambanan temple by mention parts of Prambanan temple such as main temples and statues. It is called as description.
So, when you want to make a descriptive text, you should categorize the information into proper paragraph based on its generic structures. Now, how to understand a descriptive text? To help you in understanding a descriptive text especially in describing a historical place, you can follow these steps as your guidance:
  1. Find the social function of the text. It means that you should focus on what do you want to describe. For example: to describe Prambanan temple to the readers.
  2. Tell when the historical place was built and its location. For example: It was built in the 10th century and located in Yogyakarta, Central Java, Indonesia.
  3. Classify the specific things the historical building have. For example: most people only know that Prambanan temple has three main temples which relate to God namely Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva temples.
  4. Identify how many parts the historical building have.
  5. Complete the sentences by using Simple Present Tense and proper adjectives. For example: Prambanan temple is a wonderful Hindhu temple.
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